Defining sustainability is one of the most difficult things to do. And we cannot hope to achieve sustainability until we can define it. The UN’s definition of meeting the needs for the future and today promises all things to all people. The Venn diagram of environment, economy, and society is too vague.
Oxfam International has developed a new framework in Kate Raworth’s report “A safe and just space for humanity: can we life within the doughnut”. This model establishes a baseline, a ceiling, and a good zone.
Too often, humans get ignored in the environmental framework in which sustainability is usually framed. The doughnut sets a social floor, where poverty and injustice need to be removed in order for true sustainability to exist. Without education, health, and jobs, society is not sustainable and all people can never share in a sustainable future.
At the same time, through our lifestyles we are overstepping real environmental boundaries.
Including this floor makes one very important (and often ignored) point. Without these basic necessities, we cannot begin to take care of the environment. Environmental protection is (largely) the consideration of those in rich countries. However, growth – the normal solution to end poverty – is not the way to go either.
These envisionings create real possibilities for solutions – sustainability for all people, not just for some. I know its changed the way I see things, and my students will get this new view next week.